Goats arrived in Australia with the First Fleet in 1788. As they were small and hardy, ate a range of plants and provided milk and meat, they were convenient livestock for early European settlers. During the 19th century, sailors released goats onto islands and some areas of the mainland for emergency food. Certain breeds were imported for their hair.
Feral goats now occur in all Australian states and on many offshore islands, but are most common in the rocky or hilly semiarid areas of western New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland. In 1996, there were about 2.6 million feral goats in Australia.
Feral goats compete with livestock for pasture and access to water. Contribute to land and habitat degradation, change species composition in native vegetation, decrease seed production and change the seed bank in soil and spread weeds. They Browse plants used in revegetation programs and land restoration activities and cause damage to sensitive areas and ecosystems, cause soil erosion through trampling. Continuous browsing and grazing of native vegetation by goats can lead to permanent changes to plant communities. With the numbers of feral goats approaching several million, eradication is all but impossible.
Within a given area Feral Fix Pest Control can effectively control populations of feral goats.